?Moses Hess – Communist Rabbi

April 6 1875 – 1 Nisan 5635

Author, socialist, and proto-Zionist Moses Hess passed away in Paris. Sometimes called
Marx’s rabbi for his friendly disagreements with the creator of Marxism, Hess soon despaired of humanity’s transcending national divisions, especially anti-Semitism, warning of racist German nationalism. His Rome and Jerusalem (1862) argued that Jews would never be accepted and should therefore revive their own state in the land of Israel.